I like to keep my vintage bicycle library stocked with both old and new volumes. This book, published by MIT in 2014, caught my eye on a trip to my local Powell’s. Bicycle Design was written by Tony Hadland and Hans-Erhard Lessing, the latter being a physics professor and Hadland being a Raleigh and Moulton expert and author of a number of cycling books.
This is a book dedicated to the science and design of the bicycle and its components, with an extensive discussion of historical developments and many interesting illustrations and photos. The entire first half of the book is well worth the admission price I paid – about $35. There is a fascinating discussion of wheel design and development which includes spoking patterns and engineering concepts.
There are so many interesting engineering designs and cycling innovations in this book that it is hard to single out notable developments. The book is organized topically, except for the first chapter which deals with Velocipedes and their forerunners from an historical perspective. The remaining chapters address drive train, wheel engineering, braking technology, and transmission, before launching into chapters organized by accessories and applications.
One topic that can be challenging to vintage bicycle enthusiasts is an understanding of the wheel rim designs of the day. Westwood rims are designed for brakes which will engage the rim rather than the sidewall, while Endrick rims can accommodate brakes which engage the rim sidewall.
One fascinating innovation described in this excellent resource is Hanson clipless pedals shown above. At the time, various manufacturers were experimenting with shoe/pedal attachment options. Another idea involved a magnetic shoe/pedal attachment, developed in 1897 by Henry Tudor of Boston (US patent 588,038).
This book includes discussions of most historical cycling developments. However, the authors note their one glaring omission: derailleurs. Because derailleur history has been discussed by a number of other authors, that topic is given cursory treatment in Bicycle Design. If you don’t already have a copy of this tome, I recommend adding it to your library.